GenoMape – using genosensors for environmental monitoring in offshore operations
24.04.2017Biomiljø is leading new project on next generation monitoring technology
This project - recently financed by the Research Council of Norway - is addressing next generation monitoring technology in order to meet today’s and future regulatory requirements to offshore operations, and to be in line with expectations held by society at large that operations should be environmentally friendly.
GenoMape includes a high level of novelty for the offshore industries, environmental managers and the scientific world. Here, we will explore the application of the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP). The ESP is an unmanned platform enabling real- time, advanced DNA-based measurements at sea to detect changes in bacterial communities, used as signatures of environmental pollution by oil.
Crude oil pollution affects strongly and rapidly the composition of bacterial communities in the water, with the dominance of oil-degrading bacteria. Consequently, specific changes in bacterial communities can be used as an effective biosensor for oil contamination in the marine environment and the ESP is a robotized platform enabling their real-time monitoring at sea.
In previous work a selection of oil-specific bacteria was made and DNA-based protocols programmed into the ESP were tested to determine the capacity to reveal and quantify these bacteria. The GenoMape project will explore further DNA-assays and the capacity of the ESP to identify oil-degrading bacteria using existing and future ESP analytical units like the surface plasmon resonance (SPR).
Laboratory tests will be the carried out and later the instrument will be deployed in a Norwegian fjord to demonstrate the full functionality, from detection to communication.
The innovative development and goals embedded in this project will contribute towards society’s acceptance for development of the oil and gas industry, particularly in sensitive areas, minimize the environmental footprint and reduce the environmental risk.
IRIS is leading the project. Prof. Clement Furlong and Dr. Scott Soelberg at the University of Washington (Seattle, USA) are partners for the surface plasmon resonance WP.
Dr. Thierry Baussant firstname.lastname@example.org