Extra-regional linkages through MNCs in organizationally thick and specialized RISs: a source of new path development?
11-May-2017 12:00:00 AM
|Title:||Extra-regional linkages through MNCs in organizationally thick and specialized RISs: a source of new path development?|
|Research group:||Næringsliv og Innovasjon (Innovation and Industry)|
|Published by:||Taylor & Francis Online, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09654313.2016.1273322|
This paper explores how global innovation networks (GIN) within multinational ;companies (MNCs) act as extra-regional sources for path development in a ;regional innovation system (RIS) specializing in the oil and gas sector. We ;combine the literature on intra-firm knowledge dynamics in MNCs’ GIN with the ;literature on RISs to better understand their interrelatedness and their ;dynamics. Based on interviews with 15 MNCs located in the south-west of Norway, ;we find that firms are highly dependent on competence throughout the MNCs’ ;entire networks, as well as interaction with the overall RIS. The findings ;expose that MNCs’ GINs can act as extra-regional sources for path ‘extension’ ;in thick and specialized RISs through intra-firm mobility, observation and ;sharing of routines and best practice, mainly resulting in incremental ;innovations. We find some signs of potential path ‘renewal’, including radical ;innovation ideas. However, there are hampering factors linked to strong ;internal competition for innovation projects, pressure for local profitability ;and ownership motivation. At the level of RISs, new initiatives going beyond ;existing cluster initiatives and specializations need support.;;;;;;;;;;;;;