Foto: Elisabeth Tønnessen

CO2 Utilisation and Storage (CCUS)

With basis in experience, competence and laboratories developed for petroleum reservoir characterization and improved oil recovery, IRIS is actively involved in CO2 utilisation and storage.
Further, the geology and reservoir quality is analysed through modelling and laboratory measurements to secure safe long term storage.

Research topics
  • Laboratory experiments
  • Flow modelling
  • Field scale simulation
  • Optimized CO2 storage during EOR
  • Cap rock characterization
  • Reservoir characterization
  • Risk evaluation and liability
  • Simulator development

Ongoing CO2 related projects and activities:
  • BioZement 2.0 The production of concrete accounts for more than 5% of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions, and new, disruptive technology in the field is needed to make a large-scale impact. The idea of BioZEment originates from the Research Council of Norway's first Idélab "Towards the Zero Emission Society" (2014). The basic concept is to employ bacteria to activate the mineral surfaces in crushed limestone  to form a solid, concrete-like construction material.
  • UNCOVER The primary objective of the proposed project is to establish a set of quality experimental data set to understand and describe the convection-driven dissolution of CO2 in a porous media containing oil and water. A practical outcome of the project will be quantification of field-scale impacts and assessment of reservoir conditions under which oil and gas recovery can be
    improved while simultaneously increasing long-term CO2 storage potential.
  • The ECO-BASE proposal is aimed at answering theme 5 of ACT call: the utilization of CO2 by including prospective revenue streams and related business models as a vehicle to render CO2 capture-transport-storage economically feasible. The main goal of the project is to demonstrate the ability of CO2-EOR to economically enhance oil production in the region and serve as a revenue stream for safe and reliable permanent CO2 storage.
  • ENOS (Enabling Onshore CO2 Storage in Europe) large Horizon2020 project involving more than 20 institutions across Europe. The project is an initiative of CO2GeoNet and ENOS will focus on onshore storage, with the demonstration of best practices through pilot-scale projects and field laboratories, integration of CO2 storage in local economic activities and creating a favourable environment for CCS onshore through public engagement, knowledge sharing and training. IRIS leads the Innovation Spreading workpackage, task on the novel approaches to CO2-EOR and will work with bio-markers for CO2 monitoring.
  • Pore Scale Mechanics for CO2 Storage in a Fracture-Matrix System. Develop a level-set based pore-scale model for computing capillary- controlled fluid displacements, capillary entry pressures and capillary pressure curves in realistic three dimensional rock images. (COREC)

Key projects in the past includes:
  • REPP-CO2. A Czech-Norwegian research project focusing primarily on the development of the CO2 geological storage technology in the Czech Republic through its validation by means of a pilot project in geological settings similar to possible future commercial storage sites.  
  • Screening and evaluation of a saline aquifer for COstorage in Central Bohemian Basin, Czech Republic. Geological (Petrel) and reservoir (STARS) simulation. Accounting for CO2 solubility and diffusivity in water phase. Various sensitivity and forecast scenarios.
  • CO2 for chalk fields (a COREC project). Experimental and modelling studies of the potential for CO2-injection in the Ekofisk field. Laboratory investigations and modelling of flooding behaviour (viscous and diffusion dominated flooding) and the effect of injecting carbonated water on viscous flooding and spontaneous imbibition. More information here.
  • Simulation of CO2 storage at Tubåen formation. The main objectives were history matching the Tubåen model and evaluation of CO2 injection potential into different fault blocks.
  • Tjelbergodden value chain CO2-WAG study and laboratory experiments.
  • A Numerical CO2 Laboratory (CLIMIT). Development and testing of open source code capable of reliable CO2 simulations. The project is built around the OPM initiative which encourages open innovation and reproducible research for modeling and simulation of porous media processes. 
  • Simulation Tools for CO2 Storage and CO2 EOR (CLIMIT) 
  • Design, engineering of CO2 injection wells (CLIMIT) 
  • CO2 Storage Potential of the Dunlin Group (CLIMIT).

CO2GeoNet. A unique European Research Laboratory on CO2 geological storage formed by a network of public scientific institutes durably engaged in mitigating climate change. 

EERA CCS. The CO2 Capture and Storage Joint Programme (CCS-JP) involves over 30 members from more than 12 countries who have committed more than 270 person years /year to carry out joint R&D activities.

Research network for environmental friendly energy (Forskningsnettverk for miljøvennlig energy) joins knowledge, competence and people at the University of Stavanger and IRIS, making a stronger team for implementing and developing new CCUS technologies.

National and international Collaboration
IRIS collaborate with partners from the industry, research institutions and academia. Our partners in addition to the above mentioned network contacts include the University of Stavanger, Uni Research CIPR, NTNU, IFE, Teknova, University of Tulsa, Texas A&M, Cornell University, University of Berkely, University of Austin Texas, University of Houston, Stanford University, Clausthal, Stuttgart, Heidelberg, Scole des Mines, TU Delft, and Gubkin University.