The Paris Agreement calls for emission pathways consistent with ‘holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C’. A whole range of different mitigations measures are needed to achieve these ambitious goals and IRIS is actively working on many ‘green shift’ measures.
Activities related to CO2 capture utilization and storage.
Deep geothermal activities and Energy efficiency questions.
IRIS is leading an International project AdPowGen
in the frame of the ERAfrica program
with partners from Belgium (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Turkey (Fatih University), Egypt (Ain Shames University) and South Africa (University of Cape Town).
The technical objective of the project is to pave the road for various sources of renewable energy (RE) and alternative fuel to be utilized in both bulk and distributed micro-generation (DMG) forms. The proposed system will consist of two major subsystems, which are: an advanced gas turbine power cycle to convert thermal energy into a mechanical energy and a high speed generator that would be driven by the advanced turbine for electric power generation.
Solar thermal energy will be utilized to heat the air delivered by the compressor in a specially designed heat exchanger before entering the combustion chamber. The combustion chamber will be provided with dual fuel burner, to burn both liquid and gas fuels. Several different sources of thermal energy would be utilized to operate the plant including biogas, PV produced hydrogen, and bio-diesel in addition to solar thermal energy, with natural gas as a backup fuel. To maximize the system efficiency, the exhaust gas leaving the heat exchanger (in the case of large size systems) can be utilized to preheat the inlet air or for industrial thermal applications such water desalination.