When the petroleum industry was established in Norway in the 1960’s, Stavanger became the Norwegian “oil capital”. In 2008 the Stavanger region, together with Liverpool, is European Capital of Culture. The board of the Stavanger2008 organisation has decided to support a major research project in order to analyse effects of the events. This is carried out by IRIS and the University of Stavanger (UiS).
Beliefs in Culture as an Instrument for Regional Development: the case of Stavanger, European Capital of Culture 2008
The Norwegian production of petroleum has peaked and in a not too distant future, the Norwegian ‘oil capital’ Stavanger has to meet the challenge of a declining petroleum industry. The bid for the status as European Capital of Culture in 2008 was one of the initiatives taken by local authorities in order to make the Stavanger region more attractive for new businesses and highly skilled employees. The bid reflected a belief in culture is as an important instrument for regional development. This article
throws light on the question of how widespread the belief in culture was among the citizens as well as leading politicians, civil servants and business managers in the Stavanger region prior to the year as European Capital of Culture. It was presented at ERSA 2008: Culture, Cohesion and Competitiveness: Regional Perspectives
48th Congress of the European Regional Science Association i Liverpool, 27. – 31. august 2008
The Stavanger2008 vision is expressed through the concept “Open Port”
. This can be understood both in its English sense – “an open harbour”, - and in its Norwegian meaning of “an open gate”.
Open Port – Openness towards the world. The region and its people shall be even more open and inclusive towards each other, art, ideas and opportunities.
More important still are the associations ensuring from the concept, such as tolerance, freedom of speech, hospitality, history, development, innovation and quality.
Through its work on Stavanger2008 the wider Stavanger area will appear as a region which is open and including towards new impulses, foreign expressions and new citizens.
Culturally, the region will appear as a melting pot which, based on our own traditions and history, as well as impulses from the whole world, reshapes these into expressions and activities that will form our present and our future through the tools of openness and creativity.
Research Questions, Principal Study and Sub-projects
The Stavanger2008 project includes a principal study based on surveys among the citizens of the region. The principal study will analyse the following main questions:
To which extent and in what manner do the inhabitants of the region get involved in the cultural events that are initiated and carried out in connection with the Capital of Culture?
How are the beliefs and attitudes of the population affected by the Capital of Culture events and the vision and values of Stavanger2008?
How does the Capital of Culture year affect participation in and attitudes towards cultural life in general?
The first survey among the citizens was completed in the autumn 2007. 2303 persons were interviewed on telephone and 1301 of them completed an additional postal questionnaire
A follow up survey will be carried through in 2009.
In addition two sub-projects are carried out:
A study of the media coverage of Stavanger’s year as Capital of Culture
A study of the effects on cultural institutions and assessments among artists and organisers of cultural events
Contact person: Hilmar Rommetvedt